用css制作表单并体验亲和力

发布时间:2007年02月07日      浏览次数:2055 次
对于表单,很常用。但是在web standard建站的时候,他的排版往往让人遗忘,到了真正用到的时候就发现让人头疼,当然我也遇到过。我现在要介绍一个用<fieldset></label>标签制作漂亮而且具体亲和力的表单的方法。
基本的xHTML:
<h3>已注册用户登录</h3>
<form action="" method="post" name="apLogin" id="apLogin">
<fieldset>
<legend>用户登录</legend>
<div>
<label for="Name">用户名</label>
<input type="text" name="Name" id="Name" size="18" maxlength="30" /><br />
</div>
<div>
<label for="password">密码</label>
<input type="password" name="password" id="password" size="18" maxlength="15" /><br />
</div>
<div class="cookiechk">
<label><input type="checkbox" name="CookieYN" id="CookieYN" value="1" /> <a href="#" title="选择是否记录您的信息">记住我</a></label>
<input name="login791" type="submit" class="buttom" value="登录" />
</div>
<div class="forgotpass"><a href="#">您忘记密码?</a></div>
</fieldset>
</form>
看了代码,发现标单描述文字都在<label></label>中,只要让<label></label>标签浮动左对齐,fieldset包含的<div>清除浮动,就可以实现我们常见的那类布局。
下面是基本的CSS:
fieldset label {
float:left;
width:120px;
text-align:right;
padding:4px;
margin:1px;
}
fieldset div {
clear:left;
margin-bottom:2px;
}
运行代码框
<!DOCTYPE <a href="http://www.blue1000.com/bkhtml/c22/" title="HTML/JavaScript教程">HTML</a> PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD X<a href="http://www.blue1000.com/bkhtml/c22/" title="HTML/JavaScript教程">HTML</a> 1.0 Strict//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/x<a href="http://www.blue1000.com/bkhtml/c22/" title="HTML/JavaScript教程">HTML</a>1/DTD/x<a href="http://www.blue1000.com/bkhtml/c22/" title="HTML/JavaScript教程">HTML</a>1-strict.dtd">
<<a href="http://www.blue1000.com/bkhtml/c22/" title="HTML/JavaScript教程">HTML</a> <a href="http://www.blue1000.com/bkhtml/c21/" title="XML教程">XML</a>ns="http://www.w3.org/1999/x<a href="http://www.blue1000.com/bkhtml/c22/" title="HTML/JavaScript教程">HTML</a>">
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/<a href="http://www.blue1000.com/bkhtml/c22/" title="HTML/JavaScript教程">HTML</a>; charset=gb2312" />
<title>Form demo</title>
<style type="text/<a href="http://www.blue1000.com/bkhtml/c23/" title="CSS教程">CSS</a>">
<!--
body {
      font-family: Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif;
      font-size:12px;
      color:#666666;
      background:#fff;
      text-align:center;
}
* {
      margin:0;
      padding:0;
}
a {
      color:#1E7ACE;
      text-decoration:none;      
}
a:hover {
      color:#000;
      text-decoration:underline;
}
h3 {
      font-size:14px;
      font-weight:bold;
}
pre,p {
      color:#1E7ACE;
      margin:4px;
}
input, select,textarea {
      padding:1px;
      margin:2px;
      font-size:11px;
}
.buttom{
      padding:1px 10px;
      font-size:12px;
      border:1px #1E7ACE solid;
      background:#D0F0FF;
}
#formwrapper {
      width:450px;
      margin:15px auto;
      padding:20px;
      text-align:left;
      border:1px #1E7ACE solid;
}
fieldset {
      padding:10px;
      margin-top:5px;
      border:1px solid #1E7ACE;
      background:#fff;
}
fieldset legend {
      color:#1E7ACE;
      font-weight:bold;
      padding:3px 20px 3px 20px;
      border:1px solid #1E7ACE;      
      background:#fff;
}
fieldset label {
      float:left;
      width:120px;
      text-align:right;
      padding:4px;
      margin:1px;
}
fieldset div {
      clear:left;
      margin-bottom:2px;
}
.enter{ text-align:center;}
.clear {
      clear:both;
}
-->
</style>
</head>
<body>
<div id="formwrapper">
<h3>已注册用户登录</h3>
      <form action="" method="post" name="apLogin" id="apLogin">
      <fieldset>
            <legend>用户登录</legend>
            <div>
                  <label for="Name">用户名</label>
                  <input type="text" name="Name" id="Name" size="18" maxlength="30" /><br />
            </div>
            <div>
                  <label for="pass<a href="http://www.blue1000.com/bkhtml/c117/" title="Word教程">word</a>">密码</label>
                  <input type="pass<a href="http://www.blue1000.com/bkhtml/c117/" title="Word教程">word</a>" name="pass<a href="http://www.blue1000.com/bkhtml/c117/" title="Word教程">word</a>" id="pass<a href="http://www.blue1000.com/bkhtml/c117/" title="Word教程">word</a>" size="18" maxlength="15" /><br />
            </div>
            <div class="cookiechk">
                  <label><input type="checkbox" name="CookieYN" id="CookieYN" value="1" /> <a href="#" title="选择是否记录您的信息">记住我</a></label>
                  <input name="login791" type="submit" class="buttom" value="登录" />
            </div>      
            <div class="forgotpass"><a href="#">您忘记密码?</a></div>      
      </fieldset>
      </form><br />
      <h3>未注册创建帐户</h3>
      <form action="" method="post" name="apForm" id="apForm">
      <fieldset>
            <legend>用户注册</legend>
            <p><strong>您的电子邮箱不会被公布出去,但是必须填写.</strong> 在您注册之前请先认真阅读服务条款.</p>
            <div>
            <label for="Name">用户名</label>
            <input type="text" name="Name" id="Name" value="" size="20" maxlength="30" />
            *(最多30个字符)<br />      
      </div>
            <div>
            <label for="Email">电子邮箱</label>
            <input type="text" name="Email" id="Email" value="" size="20" maxlength="150" /> *<br />      
      </div>      
            <div>
            <label for="pass<a href="http://www.blue1000.com/bkhtml/c117/" title="Word教程">word</a>">密码</label>
            <input type="pass<a href="http://www.blue1000.com/bkhtml/c117/" title="Word教程">word</a>" name="pass<a href="http://www.blue1000.com/bkhtml/c117/" title="Word教程">word</a>" id="pass<a href="http://www.blue1000.com/bkhtml/c117/" title="Word教程">word</a>" size="18" maxlength="15" />
            *(最多15个字符)<br />
      </div>
            <div>
            <label for="confirm_pass<a href="http://www.blue1000.com/bkhtml/c117/" title="Word教程">word</a>">重复密码</label>
            <input type="pass<a href="http://www.blue1000.com/bkhtml/c117/" title="Word教程">word</a>" name="confirm_pass<a href="http://www.blue1000.com/bkhtml/c117/" title="Word教程">word</a>" id="confirm_pass<a href="http://www.blue1000.com/bkhtml/c117/" title="Word教程">word</a>" size="18" maxlength="15" />
            *<br />
      </div>
            <div>
            <label for="AgreeToTerms">同意服务条款</label>
             <input type="checkbox" name="AgreeToTerms" id="AgreeToTerms" value="1" />
             <a href="#" title="您是否同意服务条款">先看看条款?</a> *      </div>            
            <div class="enter">
       <input name="create791" type="submit" class="buttom" value="提交" />
       <input name="Submit" type="reset" class="buttom" value="重置" />
      </div>
            <p><strong>* 在提交您的注册信息时, 我们认为您已经同意了我们的服务条款.<br />
       * 这些条款可能在未经您同意的时候进行修改.</strong></p>      
      </fieldset>
      </form>
</div>
</body>
</<a href="http://www.blue1000.com/bkhtml/c22/" title="HTML/JavaScript教程">HTML</a>>
[Ctrl+A 全部选择 提示:你可先修改部分代码,再按运行]
交互部分的设计
交互设计,亲和力,用户体验,这些经常挂在设计师嘴边的名词倒是是做什么的?我们不妨来尝试一下!
1.表单内容设计合理性,这里介绍的是帐户登陆的交互界面,当然包涵已注册和新用户两种人群,我们就设计出两个选择。
2.表单界面设计的亲和力,布局,颜色,字体,文字大小,行高等要素。我使用了
字体: Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif
字体大小:12px 14px
颜色:#666666 #1E7ACE #000000 淡兰色,灰色,黑色给用户稳重安全的感觉
3.内容细节,比如记录用户信息,必要的提醒。
就这样换位思考一下用户的需求,就能做到基本的亲和力,得到比较好的用户体验!要作到更完善的话,你就需要去看看MSN Google等国外大型交互网站是怎么做的了!
文章来源:http://www.blue1000.com/bkhtml/2006-04/44862.htm
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